Year 12 — History

Term 1: Reality and Illusion USA - Truman

Students assess the achievements of Harry S Truman as US president

25 mark essay question in class.

Congress

The US 'Parliament'

Containment

Truman's policy of 'containing' the spread of communism

Organised Labour

Trade unions - organisations of workers of one profession or within one industry, who collectively bargain for better conditions, rights or pay.

Red Scare

The panic which spread over the USA in the 1950s, focused on the supposed conspiracy of Communists within the US government.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students develop in depth analytical source and essay-writing skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students understand with greater context the current US political situation and can engage in discussions with peers.

Term 1: Tudors - Henry VII

Students assess Henry Vii's consolidation of power, his style of government, his relations with foreign powers.

Assessment using practice A Level essay questions

Parliamentary sanction

Official ratification of a law given by Parliament.

Act of Attainder

Declaring a landowner guilty of rebelling against a monarch and making them an enemy of the state; their lands and sometimes lives could be forfeit.

Mercenaries

Hired soldiers

Household government

Medieval system of government where the adult male head of a family had control over everyone living on his land.

Magnate

the higher ranks of nobility

Intercursus Magnus

Major commercial treaty between England and Burgundy. It normalised trading links between the two countries.

Intercursus Malus

Trade treaty from 1506. It never became official after the Intercursus Magnus became law.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Essay writing, analytical thinking skills.

Create a supportive community:

Understanding the background of parliamentary institutions and the development of key cultural ideas such as the Renaissance.

Term 2: Reality and Illusion USA - Eisenhower

Students discuss and assess the achievements of President Eisenhower in terms of the Cold War, domestic politics, the Red Scare and Korea.

Students are assessed through a combination of discursive essay and evaluative source questions, in the style of the AQA exam.

Recession

Two consecutive quarters of negative economic growth.

Big Government

A term used by right wingers to criticise the New Deal or the Fair Deal; the idea that the federal government was involved in too many areas of American life.

The Ticket

The combined pair of candidates standing in a presidential election, i.e. the presidential and vice-presidential candidate.

GOP

Grand Old Party - a euphemism for the Republican Party.

Subsidy

When the government funds - gives money to - a certain group or industry, this known as a subsidy.

Kremlin

The equivalent of the White House in Russia or the USSR - the centre of decision making. Used as a euphemism for the Soviet government.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Understanding of essay writing and communication skills, including analytical and advanced literacy skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students understand the roots of many current modern political issues eg Korea, and the dangers of political panic and 'witch hunts', persecuting those with different views.

Term 2: Henry VII part 2

Assess and understand English society during the fifteenth century, Economic relations and art and culture during his reign.

Assessment via A Level-style practice questions.

Papal dispensation

Permission from the Pope to be exempt from certain laws.

Caste

A class or group of people who have special privileges or duties.

Feudal system

Medieval social system dependent on land-owning in return for duties, labour or payment.

Bourgeoise

Middle class residents of towns or cities

Peerage

Members of the House of Lords; nobles.

Reformation

A C16th movement campaigning for change in the Catholic Church. It resulted in the Protestant and Catholic Churches.

Grazing rights

The right of a farmer to allow his livestock to feed on an area's grass.

Subsistence crises

Harvest failures, leading to high price rises so that poor members of society die of starvation.

Merchants of the Staple

A company incorporated by Royal Charter which controlled the export of wool. Based in Calais until Calais was lost to the French.

Sectional Interests

The interests of a particular group within a country.

Intercession

Asking God to intervene (intercede) on the behalf of another who is in need through prayer.

Chantries

Chapels were masses took place for the souls of the dead.

Anticlericalism

Belief that the Church should have a smaller role in the affairs of the state.

Scholasticism

A system of philosophical analysis in the medieval period.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Analytical and sophisticated literacy skills, marshaling an argument.

Create a supportive community:

Understanding of the roots of Britain's European relations, understanding of humanism and other key philosophical concepts.

Term 3-4: Reality and Illusion - Kennedy

Students assess the achievements of President Kennedy. They look at his background and early life, the challenges he faced, his domestic achievements and challenges; his foreign policy achievements, especially in regard to the Cold War and the Cuba.

Students write essays using AQA criteria; source evaluation and causation / analysis tasks.

Bible Belt

Informal term describing the heavily religious (Protestant) areas of the Midwest and Southern States.

Psephology

Studying and predicting voting and elections.

Sit-in

A form of peaceful protest during which protestors occupy an area by sitting down.

New Frontier

The slogan Kennedy used to describe his new policies, likening the achievement of political equality to the pushing west of the American border in the 19th Century.

Ex-Comm

The group set up by JFK to discuss the Cuban Missile Crisis. It included his brother, Bobby, and McNamara.

Vietcong

The Communist guerrilla force which operated in S Vietnam.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students further develop their independent research and literacy skills tasks.

Create a supportive community:

Students work together to debate Kennedy's legacy, and enhance their collaborative working skills.

Term 3-4: Tudors - Henry VIII

Students understand and assess the key features of Henry VIII's reign

Students complete essay writing tasks in line with AQA criteria.

Grace

The pure state a soul needed to be in to enter heaven.

Purgatory

In Catholic thinking, where souls waited to be purified before they went to heaven.

Diocese

An area in the Church governed by a Bishop.

Metallurgy

Scientific study of extraction, refining, alloying and fabricating metals.

Bull

A formal letter from the Pope.

Papal legate

Personal representative of the Pope.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students learn important essay writing skills, important for University studies.

Create a supportive community:

Students work collaboratively with each other in group and pair tasks.

Term 4-5: Reality and Illusion - Johnson

Students discuss the achievements and failures of Lyndon B. Johnson, including Vietnam, Civil Rights and the Great Society.

Students are assessed using AQA essay formats.

GNP

Gross National Product - the total economic output of a country: good and services added to income from foreign investments.

Conspiracy theory

An niche explanation for a controversial political or other event, often relying on secret government or criminal acts.

Attrition

Reducing something's strength through sustained attack.

Special Relationship

The idea that the UK and the USA have a uniquely close relationship in global affairs.

Great Society

The name for Johnson's policy of social programmes.

Commencement address

A speech given to a US university when undergraduates started their courses. Many US presidents used these occasions to announce new policies.

Bipartisan

A term usually used to mean policies or programmes adopted or followed by both Republicans and Democrats.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students further develop their literacy and analytical skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students consider civil rights and are able to therefore intuitively compare the situation in the States in the 1960s with the present day.

Term 4-5: Henry VIII part 2: English society, economic change.

Students consider the structure of society under Henry VIII, including reasons for rebellion; trade and exploration and prosperity.

Students assessed through essay tasks completed in class.

the King's Great Matter

Concerned the annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine and proposed marriage of Anne Boleyn.

Ammicable Grant

Tax proposed in 1525 by Wolsey; a heavy levy which was in reality mandatory.

Groom of the Stool

The most intimate of the King's courtiers. Often kept 'in the loop' in terms of key secrets.

Submission of the clergy

The formal surrender of the Church's independent law-making.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Students further develop their literacy and analytical (causation and evaluative) skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students further explore the reasons of many features of modern British society; students work together and individually to research different areas of enquiry.

Term 5-6: Henry VIII part 3 - Religious reform

Students understand religious change and reform during Henry's reign, including the ideas and intellectual change behind key ideas.

Essay tasks in class according to AQA criteria.

Veneration

Honouring a religious object with awe and reverence.

Erasmianism

Ideas associated with Erasmus and his followers.

Oxford reformers

The men who were amongst the first to adopt European humanist ideas.

Monasticism

The idea and institution of monasteries and monks. In decline by Henry VIII's reign.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Further developing literacy and analytical skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students understand and contextualize religious difference and debate.

Term 5-6: Johnson part 2

Students assess Johnson's impact on Civil Rights, and the ongoing struggle of the activists during this period, including major demonstrations, controversies and legislation.

Assessment via AQA essay writing tasks; both analytical essays and source evaluation.

SCLC

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Martin Luther King Jr., had a large role in the American civil rights movement.

SNCC

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, often pronounced SNIK) was one of the major Civil Rights Movement organizations of the 1960s. It emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins in 1960.

Nation of Islam

The Nation of Islam, abbreviated as NOI, is an African American political and religious movement, founded in Detroit, Michigan, United States, by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad on July 4, 1930.

Civil Rights Act

A major piece of legislation in 1964, making all examples of de jure segregation a federal crime.

Voting Rights Acts 1965

Law abolishing literacy and other tests as a barrier for voting.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Further develops literacy skills, group and individual research tasks, and analytical skills.

Create a supportive community:

Students consider diversity and equality and thus the importance of these principles to their community.