Year 9 — Physical Education

Term 1: Boys - Football / Girls - Netball

Football: Students build upon the fundamental skills develop during Year 7 and 8. The focus in Year 9 is conditioned games and full version of football focusing on more complex rules, attacking strategies, defensive strategies and tactics.

Netball: Students build upon fundamental skills developed during Year 7 and 8. The focus in Year 9 is full netball matches focusing on formations, different positions, rules, strategies and tactics.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Offside

The Offside Rule. It is not an offence in itself to be in an offside position. A player is in an offside position if: he is nearer to his opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent.

Replay Ball

A player may tap or deflect the ball, let it bounce and then take possession and throw it. The player cannot catch the ball with both hands, drop it and pick it up again; this is called a replayed ball.

Centre Pass

A centre pass occurs after a goal has been scored, when the Centre passes the ball. A short pass is a pass between two players on the same team, where the length of the pass is so short that a defensive player cannot get between the two opposing players.

Tactics

Tactics are the skills required in any game that allows a player or team to effectively use their talent and skill to the best possible advantage. Tactics are plans which are set up for a specific purpose during a performance or match.

VAR

The video assistant referee (VAR) is a match official in association football who reviews decisions made by the head referee with the use of video footage and a headset for communication.

Formation

Different formations are played within football consisting of the 10 outfield players. Examples of formations include 4-4-2, 4-3-3, 5-3-2.

Strategy

A plan of action to achieve a target/goal.

Creating Space

Using movement and evasion to create space.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

learning to win and lose, developing character education, healthy active lifestyle

Create a supportive community:

team-work, team cohesion, communication

Term 2: Boys - Rugby / Girls - Gymnastics

Rugby: Students will further develop skills learnt in year 7 and 8 such as passing, catching, running with the ball and movement, tackling, rucking and mauling. Students will develop these skills slowly and in a controlled, safe environment. When skill level is deemed appropriate, students will then start to involve contact in conditioned and normal games.

Gymnastics: Students will complete a gymnastics unit of work based partner and group balances and vaulting. Students will develop foundational skills learnt in years 7 & 8 and choreograph a final performance routine in groups for both balances and vaulting.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Space

The performance space should be considered as a three-dimensional space. It has length, width and height.

Evaluation

Looking at the positives and negatives of a performance.

Contact

When two things or people meet and touch each other.

Penalty

A disadvantage (as loss of yardage, time, or possession of the ball or an addition to or subtraction from the score) imposed on a team or competitor for violation of the rules of a sport.

Pike

A gymnastics body position used in jumps and saltos with the body bent forward at the waist with the legs kept straight.

Routine

In gymnastics, a routine is combination of skill elements on one apparatus or event. The number and difficulty of skills depends on the competition format, and skill level of the competitors.

Springboard

A strong, flexible board from which someone may jump in order to gain added impetus when performing a dive or a gymnastic movement.

Straddle

An act of sitting or standing with one's legs wide apart.

Vaulting

Leaping upward or over something.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

Imagination, creativity, cultural, develop character education

Create a supportive community:

team-work, team cohesion, communication, self-reflection

Term 3: Boys - Table Tennis/Girls - Health Related Exercise

Table Tennis: The unit of work builds upon skills learned in Year 8. The development of forehand and backhand spin add to students table tennis skillset. The smash and lob shots are added to the skillset in Year 9. Students practice adding these additional skills into match play conditions.

Health Related Education: Students will identify and perform fitness tests that are used to measure the different aspects of fitness. Students will then plan and complete an exercise programme aimed to develop certain aspects of their fitness over the unit of work, students will perform the same fitness tests to measure whether they have been successful in making an improvement. Students will be able to self-reflect upon the result of the fitness test against the national average.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Fitness Programme

A plan to help someone improve their health and physical condition.

Skeletal System

Relating to the bones and skeleton.

Resting Heart Rate

The amount of times the heart beats per minute whilst at rest.

Max Heart Rate

220-Age is the maximum time the heart can beat in one minute.

Aerobic

Exercising in the presence of oxygen.

Anaerobic

Exercising without the presence of oxygen.

Training Threshold

Measuring heart rate during exercise to discover whether the person is working aerobically or anaerobically.

Rally

The hitting of the ball back and forth, commencing with the serve and ending when a point is won.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

healthy active lifestyle, mental well-being, honesty, self-reflection

Create a supportive community:

discipline, resilience, pushing personal boundaries

Term 4: Boys - Health Related Exercise/Girls - Dance

Dance: Students further develop skills learned in Year 8. Students develop relationships with music, props, dancing in pairs and small groups. Students continue to focus on accuracy and excellent aesthetics whilst using jumps, twists, and turns. Lifts are developed using props.

Health Related Education: Students will identify and perform fitness tests that are used to measure the different aspects of fitness. Students will then plan and complete an exercise programme aimed to develop certain aspects of their fitness over the unit of work. Students will then perform the same fitness tests to measure whether they have been successful in making an improvement. Students will be able to self-reflect upon the result of the fitness test against the national average.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Counter-balance

A weight that balances another.

Crosscourt

A ball that is hit diagonally from corner to corner.

Culture

A culture is a way of life of a group of people, the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.

Dynamics

This is the quality of a movement. It could be sudden or sustained, sharp or smooth.

Motif

Series of simple movements or gestures that are easily recognisable. they can help illustrate an aspect of a story.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

creativity, imagination, peer-assessment

Create a supportive community:

team cohesion, team-work, communication

Term 5: Athletics

Athletics: Students will aim to develop more advanced technique in throwing, jumping and running events in athletics, with a continued focus on the technical skill needed in throwing and jumping events. Students will constantly be aiming to improve their own personal best score. Students will also develop their self and peer analysis skills to further improve themselves and their peers. During the term students will be working towards Sports Day.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Pacing

Move or develop (something) at a particular rate or speed.

Middle Distance

Denoting or relating to a race distance of between 800 and 5,000 metres.

Long Distance

Denoting or relating to a race distance of 6 miles or 10,000 metres (6 miles 376 yds), or longer.

Slow Twitch

a muscle fibre contracting slowly, providing endurance rather than strength.

Fast Twitch

a muscle fibre contracting rapidly, thus providing strength rather than endurance.

Fatigue

Extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.

Lactic Acid

A colourless syrupy organic acid formed in sour milk, and produced in the muscle tissues during strenuous exercise.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

enjoyment, develop character education, perform at whole school event

Create a supportive community:

discipline, hard-work, resilience

Term 6: Boys - Softball / Girls - Rounders

Students will aim to build on previous techniques learnt in year 7 and 8 and include more advanced technique in their bowling, batting and fielding. Greater emphasis will be placed on the tactics of the batting and bowling team in both softball and rounders.

Students will be assessed on their skills (in isolation) and performance (as per GCSE practical assessment).

Base

A check point; a starting point e.g. first base

Umpire

A person who controls play and makes sure that players act according to the rules in a sports event (such as a baseball game or a cricket or tennis match)

Timing

The control of speed e.g. of a strike or blow in sport.

Decision Making

Choosing a definitive course of action.

Receiving

Being passed the ball by a teammate; taking possession.

Power

Power = speed x strength

Co-ordination

The ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently

Reaction Time

The length of time taken for a person or system to respond to a given stimulus or event.

  • Spiritual
  • Moral
  • Social
  • Cultural

Develop the individual:

sportsmanship, discipline, new skills

Create a supportive community:

learning how to win and lose, team cohesion, leadership