Students will examine the phenomenon of nationalism, from its rise with the works of Jean Jacques Rousseau in the late 18th century and its roots in the French Revolution. Students will also analyse the rise of a more cultural form of nationalism, particularly through the works of Herder and Fichte. Students will compare the different forms of nationalism throughout history, particularly the liberal nationalism prevalent in most Western democracies, the expansionist nationalism evident in the 19th century and the more virulent forms of racial nationalism during the short twentieth century. There will also be an examination of the future of nationalism in modern politics and the effects a recent rise in nationalism may have on supranational bodies such as the UN and EU.
Students to sit a complete Paper 2. This will be one source question, one essay question and one essay question on ideologies.
A form that believes that one nation is superior to another
Often referred to as imperialism is the control of one country over another
The idea of an independent area that is ruled and governed by one government
A group of people who are united by language, history or culture and who often have a common geographical location
The concept of being able to rule themselves, making their own decisions and therefore independent
The idea that focuses on the interest and identity of their own nation and has little interest in self-determination
The idea that rejects the notion of a country being control by another and therefore reject colonialism and imperialism
A inclusive nationalism concept that accepts that anyone is free to join the nation as long as they share their values
Individuals will be able to learn the concept of nationalism and form ideas in favour and against it. This will help them develop their own views
Through the use of discussion, students will be able to understand the different views regarding nationalism and form an argument to where they stand. Students will be encouraged to discuss advantages and disadvantages and therefore understand different points of view that might differ from their own
2.1 The structure of Congress
2.2 The functions of Congress
2.3 Interpretations and debates around Congress.
3.1 Formal sources of presidential power as outlined in the US
Constitution and their use.
3.2 Informal sources of presidential power and their use.
• The electoral mandate, executive orders, national events and
• Powers of persuasion including the nature/characteristics of
• Executive Office of the President (EXOP), including the role of
the National Security Council (NSC), Office of Management
and Budget (OMB) and the White House Office (WHO).
3.3 The presidency
3.4 Interpretations and debates of the US presidency
Two essays. 1 on Congress and another on Presidency
Made up by the House of representatives and the Senate it makes up the law making branch of the US
It is a chamber of the legislative branch that is elected from districts with roughly the same population
A chamber of the legislative branch that is made up of 100 senators, with 2 senators representing each state
The current holder of a political office.
A technique used in Congress to stall a bill/law. This is normally done by a member speaking for as long as they can without giving up the floor of the house/senate and therefore delaying the ability to vote on a bill
An election that takes place every two years where the whole of the House of representatives gets voted on and a third of the senate
The responsibility of congress to check the actions of the executive branch of government
When the house of representatives/senate can not agree on the passing of a bill. Normally due to voting through party lines that leads to a bill not being passed. In recent years this has led to not agreeing budgets
The highest authority in the US armed forces and its one of the powers of the President of the US
The concept of authority being granted to a political figure to put in place their preferred policies once they have been elected
The concept of a rule that is passed on by the executive branch of the government. Although it does not go through congress it has the force of the law
The immediate support staff of the president
Powers given by the constitution
Powers granted to the president that are outside the constitution
The power of stopping a bill from becoming law.
The concept that the president has become too powerful and is acting outside the guidelines of the constitution
The concept that there are two different presidents depending on whether they are dealing with national or foreign affairs
The idea that the president is too weak and can not control the bureaucracy of the office
It helps the individual understand how the congress is organised in the US and how it compares with that in the UK. It helps understand how the power of the presidency or congress work to ensure the separation of powers and check and balances in the US
It supports students in analysing and evaluating ideas within a contextual setting enabling them to compare the US with the UK
4.1 The nature and role of the Supreme Court
4.2 The appointment process for the Supreme Court
4.3 The Supreme Court and public policy
4.4 The protection of civil liberties and rights in the US today.
4.5 Race and rights in contemporary US politics
4.6 Interpretations and debates of the US Supreme Court and civil
Two essays, one on affirmative action and another on the supreme court
It is the highest court in the US that has the responsibility to listen to cases of constitutional importance
The branch of government in charge of interpreting and applying the law in the US
The name given to a member of the Supreme Court in the US
The process where congress presents charges against an official in the government
A power given to the Supreme Court to allow it to decide whether a law passed by Congress is constitutional
The concept that a judges judgment is bound by the decision made by other judges in the past. This is commonly referred to as precedent
The idea that a judge makes decisions based on a conservative view of the constitution which leads to conservative policy outcomes
The idea that a justice supports the liberal interpretation of the constitution which as a result leads to liberal policy outcomes.
The idea that a justice votes both in a conservative and a liberal way depending on the case
The idea that a court is likely to change the interpretation of the law in a way that it will have wide ranging effects on society
The idea that the court avoids changing the interpretation of the constitution in a way that changes the policy and therefore has an effect on society
Any right that is given to a person as a citizen. These often include the right to vote and equality
The action by public institutions to positively discriminate in favour of a group that has historically been disadvantaged.
The idea that the judicial branch is so powerful that other branches of government ineffectively conduct checks and balances
Enables the individual to reflect on how the laws in the US helps/hinders the idea of civil rights for all its citizens. Allows the individual to be analytical in their approach to their work and use context when evaluating a piece of work
Great focus is given to civil rights and the role of the judiciary in implementing the law to ensure a fair society. It allows for debate on current social issues which can then be incorporated into their work and view in society
5.1 Electoral systems in the USA.
5.1.1 Presidential elections and their significance.
• The main processes to elect a US president, including the
constitutional requirements, the invisible primary, primaries
and caucuses, the role of National Party Conventions and the
electoral college, and the resulting party system.
• The importance of incumbency on a president seeking a
5.1.2 Campaign finance.
• The role of campaign finance and the current legislation on
campaign finance, including McCain-Feingold reforms 2002
and Citizens United vs FEC 2010.
• progressive attitude on social and moral issues, including
• greater governmental intervention in the national economy
• government provision of social welfare.
• conservative attitude on social and moral issues
• more restricted governmental intervention in the national
economy while protecting American trade and jobs
• acceptance of social welfare but a preference for personal
The way the public chooses who represents them by voting
The mainly right wing party in the US
The mainly left wing party in the US
The official way to vote for the presidential candidate for each party
An informal process where candidates must win support and funding in order to become a candidate in the presidential primaries
The official meeting for each party where delegates vote for the candidates that will represent their party in the presidential election.
Money spent indirectly to support a particular candidate's campaign
Money that is donated directly to a political candidate
A political action committee that is created to donate money to a particular campaign by any organisation or institution
A super political action committee is an organisation that can spend money on their own campaigning for a cause of candidate they believe in, but who can not donate that money to a particular campaign
A set of laws and regulations put in place to control the funding of political campaigns
A Tuesday during the campaign season when a large number of states hold their primaries
The concept where there are groups within individual parties that have similar ideological positions. E.g. Progressive Democrats, Moderate Democrats, Conservative Democrats
Any group whose aim is to influence policy in order to give an advantage to the people they represent
The way interest groups try to influence the options of the government or law makers
The part of an interest group that is made up by members of the public who work together to raise the status of an issue or cause
Students will be able to understand what encourages participation in the political process in the US and compare it to that of the UK. They will also develop an understanding for the different parties in the US
Students will be able to form discussions on political engagement on ways that this could be improved both globally (US in this case) but also locally.
1.1 The nature of the US Constitution.
• Vagueness of the document, codification and entrenchment.
• The constitutional framework (powers) of the US branches of
• The amendment process, including advantages and
disadvantages of the formal process.
1.2 The key features of the US Constitution (as listed below) and an
evaluation of their effectiveness today.
• Separation of powers and checks and balances.
• Limited government.
1.3 The main characteristics of US federalism.
• The nature of the federal system of government and its
relationship with the states.
1.4 Interpretations and debates around the US Constitution and
• The extent of democracy within the US Constitution, its
strengths and weaknesses and its impact on the US
• The debates around the extent to which the USA remains
Two essays on the US constitution
A set of rules, principles and laws that shows how a state is governed and organised
A document ratified by the founding fathers in 1789 that sets out how the politics will be organised in the US
Constitution is written down and all the laws can be found in that document
A feature of a codified constitution that relates to how rigid the laws are and the difficulty in amending such laws
The first 10 amendments of the US constitution which limits the powers of the government over individual personal liberties
Specific powers granted by the constitution to institutions. They will include the power to declare war or set taxes
Powers that are not written and defined explicitly in the constitution that are granted by some vague phrases in it
The mechanism stated in the constitution that protects against one branch of the government from having excessive power or passing extreme laws
The idea that each branch of government would consist of different individuals with strictly differentiated powers
Conducting politics which run along party lines and supported by one party.
Two parties working together on an issue/topic where they compromise usually to pass a bill
Two house of congress elected by the voters
Branched made up by the President, Vice president, The cabinet and federal agencies
Made up by the supreme court, the lower courts. Judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate
The idea or principle that central government from all other state governments who when unified make up the federal government
The transferring of power from central government to regional institutions
A form of democracy where different groups represent different interests and must compromise when making political decisions
The redrawing of electoral district boundaries to favour one party/candidate over another
It will inform the individual on the rule of law in the US and how the law is based around the constitution
Students will appreciate how the US constitution is in place to protect the rights of all citizens both domestic and foreign that go to the US.